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Journal of Clinical Bioinformatics

Open Access

XNAT imaging platform for BioMedBridges and CTMM TraIT

  • Stefan Klein1Email author,
  • Erwin Vast1,
  • Johan van Soest2,
  • Andre Dekker2,
  • Marcel Koek1 and
  • Wiro Niessen1, 3
Journal of Clinical Bioinformatics20155(Suppl 1):S18

Published: 22 May 2015


Application Programming InterfaceDICOM ImagingImage SharingDICOM FormatStable Release


Service, imaging, open source, archive, image sharing, clinical trials.


The XNAT imaging platform is a web service for storing, organizing, and sharing medical imaging data. It is based on the open source eXtensible Neuroimaging Archive Toolkit (XNAT, [1]. The platform is suitable for both single-center and multi-center clinical studies with imaging data (Figure 1). Medical imaging data (in DICOM format) and image-derived data (often in non-DICOM format) are supported. Downloading and uploading is possible via the web interface, via the DICOM protocol, and via a RESTful application programming interface. Read and write access rights can be controlled per project and per user. In the context of the European BioMedBridges project and the Dutch CTMM TraIT project, two XNAT instances have been put in production. In the CTMM TraIT instance, which is especially supports multi-center clinical imaging studies, submission of DICOM imaging data is performed via the RSNA Clinical Trial Processor (CTP) to enforce proper anonymisation. In order to simplify and automate the installation of XNAT, we developed scripts based on the “Puppet” configuration software. These scripts have been made publicly available via the XNAT marketplace (
Figure 1

XNAT user interface. Example project with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data of the brain.

Status of development

A recent stable release of the XNAT software is used. Currently (since November 2014), we are running version The XNAT instances are in use by several research projects. The configuration scripts are in active development, and the current release is version 0.2 alpha.


Researchers using medical imaging data.


Documentation and links to both XNAT instances and Puppet installation scripts []; documentation of RSNA CTP [].



The BioMedBridges project is funded by the European Commission within Research Infrastructures of the FP7 Capacities Specific Programme, grant agreement number 284209. The TraIT project is an initiative from the Center for Translational Molecular Medicine (CTMM).

Authors’ Affiliations

Biomedical Imaging Group Rotterdam, Departments of Medical Informatics & Radiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
Maastricht UMC+, MAASTRO Clinic, Maastricht, the Netherlands
Imaging Physics, Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands


  1. Marcus DS, Olsen T, Ramaratnam M, Buckner RL: The Extensible Neuroimaging Archive Toolkit (XNAT): An informatics platform for managing, exploring, and sharing neuroimaging data. Neuroinformatics. 2007, 5 (1): 11-34.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar


© Klein et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.